There are some standard questions that are almost universally asked by crash victims with head injuries. When it comes to traumatic brain injuries caused to the victim or loved one who has been hurt, survivors are faced with caring for another or for themselves while not fully functioning. An out of work victim could be suffering from memory loss, or even PTSD issues. It is hardly possible to survive, let alone think about the consequences of this kind of damage.
Understanding a little bit about how crash victims will be touched by these afflictions, and simply being able to understand the signs of a brain injury can greatly assist an unaware victim in getting stabilized for these symptoms that may have gone undiagnosed immediately after the calamity of the first emergency room visit. Now close friends and family are left in a position to witness the cognitive changes in the crash victim. Below is a guide to help close ones and cognizant victims in grasping the various symptoms and types of brain related issues that can arise after a serious jolt or impact to the head and neck area of the human body while seated in a vehicle.
Are there different types of traumatic brain injuries?
The answer to this is yes, there are mainly two types of TBI’s:
- Closed Head Injuries: The closed head injury is one where the damaged is caused within the skull, by the brain hitting the skull. These are the types of TBI’s that happen during a car accident, fall or sports incident, in which there is no objects that pierce the skin or skull and into the tissue of the brain. Instead it is the brain hitting into the skull upon impact during a car accident, fall or other incident, with the head moving in a shaking manner.
There are two types of damage that can occur in a closed brain injury:
- Primary brain damage: This is damage that happens when the brain is impacted and complete.
It may include:
- Contusions and bruises: These are common and may occur at the point where the force of the impact occurred or right beneath the location that the brain hit the inside of the skull.
- Hematoma: Blood clots may occur between the skull and the brain or in some circumstances inside of the brain.
- Skull fracture: In some instances there can be a breaking of the skull bone during an impact TBI.
- Nerve damage: This is referred to as a diffuse axonal injury and occurs from a cutting or shearing due to the force of the impact to the head that result in damage to the nerve cells in the brain’s connecting nerve fibers.
- Lacerations: Lacerations are a tearing of the frontal and temporal lobes or the blood vessels of the brain. These may occur due to the force of the blow to the head causing the brain to rotate across the hard ridges of the skull.
- Penetrating Injuries: Brain damage caused by a penetrating injury is one in which a foreign object enters the brain, resulting in damage to areas in the brain tissue. The symptoms will depend on the part of the brain that has been damaged by the object.
What Physical Damage can be Caused by a TBI?
The person who has been hurt and sustains a TBI may have physical issues as a result of the harm to the brain and this can include; headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, hearing loss, tinnitus that is a ringing or buzzing in the ears, decreased smell or taste, reduced coordination or strength in the body, arms or legs; and seizures.
What Cognitive Issues Can Happen?
TBI patients may suffer cognitive issues and communication problems that depend on the brain damage and the location of the injury. Thinking problems often result in the person having difficulty finding the right words to explain something or express an idea, whether speaking or writing. The problems that can be associated with cognitive difficulties after a traumatic brain injury thinking skills, such as reasoning, problem solving, goal setting, attention to tasks, being aware of surroundings, sell monitoring, evaluation and self awareness.
As can be seen, the jarring and jolting of the head side to side and backwards and forwards alone is enough to hurt the brain. The forces and proximity of hard surfaces and objects next to head of the the driver or co-occupant of an automobile undergoing a catastrophic collision are an additional cause of skull fractures and impact injuries to the head. Getting compensation after a bad accident is less important when average motorists engage in the safe operation of vehicles. But if a victim was unfortunate enough to get hurt, immediacy in identifying the injuries treatment in a prudent manner is the key. The above points should be able to help most families and singles alike, in protecting themselves against a brain or head injury dilemma arising from a bad wreck.